#news Sultan of Brunei becomes longest-serving living monarch following Queen's death #WorldNews

#news Sultan of Brunei becomes longest-serving living monarch following Queen’s death #WorldNews

#information Sultan of Brunei becomes longest-serving living monarch following Queen’s death #WorldInformation

The Sultan of Brunei Hassanal Bolkiah turned the world’s longest serving monarch yesterday with the passing of Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II.

Bolkiah, who took the throne in 1967, has reigned for 54 years and 339 days (as of Friday) – greater than 4 years longer than Margrethe II of Denmark, now the second-longest reigning monarch.

Before her death, Her Majesty was far-and-away the longest serving monarch on the planet, marking the seventieth anniversary of her coronation earlier this 12 months.

But whereas The Queen – who got here to the throne aged simply 25 in 1952 within the aftermath of World War II – has ensured that she has saved her distance from politics within the United Kingdom, the alternative could be stated of Bolkiah in his house nation.

In addition to being the nation’s Sultan and absolute monarch, 76-year-old Hassanal Bolkiah ibni Omar Ali Saifuddien III has additionally been the Prime Minister of Brunei because the nation gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1984.

His reign has additionally been mired in controversy. He has confronted criticism of his nation’s human rights file, and questions have been raised over enterprise dealings.

Despite this, Bolkiah has appeared to have loved a detailed relationship with The Queen. Like his father earlier than him, he was knighted by Her Majesty, and the pair met on a number of events throughout their reigns – in each London and Bandar Seri Begawan.

The Sultan of Brunei Darussalam Hassanal Bolkiah (pictured) became the world's longest serving monarch yesterday with the passing of Britain's Queen Elizabeth II

The Sultan of Brunei Darussalam Hassanal Bolkiah (pictured) turned the world’s longest serving monarch yesterday with the passing of Britain’s Queen Elizabeth II

Unlike the United Kingdom’s head of state, Bolkiah enjoys absolute energy in Brunei. Under the nation’s 1959 structure, the pinnacle has full govt authority – together with emergency powers.

In 2006, he was reported to have amended the nation’s structure to make himself infallible below the legislation. 

As Prime Minister, he’s additionally the pinnacle of authorities – and at the moment holds the positions of Minister of Defence, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. He additionally controls the nation’s police pressure.

To high all of it off, he’s additionally Head of Religion, and Islam is the official faith of the nation. In 2014, he advocated for the adoption of Islamic sharia penalties – that features death by stoning, the severing of limbs and flogging for some crimes.

Such crimes embrace abortions, adultery and same-sex sexual acts.

His push in 2014 raised alarm bells amongst human rights advocates, and celebrities – together with George Clooney and Elton John – referred to as to boycott motels related to the sultan, notably the Dorchester Collection that has motels within the US and Europe.

Educational establishment with connections to the Sultan, comparable to Oxford and King’s College London, have been referred to as upon to strip him of honorary levels.

As Prime Minister, the Sultan has spear-headed anti-LGBT laws. As of April 2019, homosexuality and adultery is punishable by death by stoning.

The rule outlawed homosexual intercourse, which needed to be independently witnessed so as to safe a conviction.

Bolkiah stated on the time that the legislation was half of a drive for ‘stronger’ Islamic teachings in his tiny Australasian nation, situated on the island of Borneo.

Pictured: Queen Elizabeth II, and Haji Hassanal Bolkiah, The Sultan of Brunei, attend a Banquet, during The State visit of Queen Elizabeth ii, and Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh to Brunei, at The Istana Nurul Iman, in Brunei on September 18, 1998 in Brunei

Pictured: Queen Elizabeth II, and Haji Hassanal Bolkiah, The Sultan of Brunei, attend a Banquet, throughout The State go to of Queen Elizabeth ii, and Prince Philip, The Duke of Edinburgh to Brunei, at The Istana Nurul Iman, in Brunei on September 18, 1998 in Brunei

World’s top-five longest serving monarchs

On Thursday, The Sultan of Brunei Darussalam Hassanal Bolkiah turned the world’s longest serving monarch. Here are the highest 5:

1. Hassanal Bolkiah, Brunei 

  • Acceded: October 5, 1967
  • Years reigned: 54 years, 339 days
  • Age: 76 

2.  Margrethe II, Denmark

  • Acceded: 14 January 1972
  • Years reigned: 50 years, 238 days
  • Age: 82 

3. Sultan bin Mohamed Al-Qassimi III, Sharjah (United Arab Emirates)

  • Acceded: 25 January 1972
  • Years reigned: 50 years, 227 days
  • Age: 83 

4. Carl XVI Gustaf, Sweden

  • Acceded: 15 September 1973
  • Years reigned: 48 years, 359 days
  • Age: 76 

5. Hamad bin Mohammed Al Sharqi, Fujairah (United Arab Emirates)

  • Acceded: 18 September 1974
  • Years reigned: 47 years, 356 days
  • Age: 73 

But following worldwide outcry, Bolkiah dominated {that a} moratorium on the death penalty in Brunei must be prolonged to the brand new legislation.

It signifies that, whereas the penalty for homosexual intercourse continues to be formally death by stoning, the Sultan has agreed to not use it. Brunei has not hosted a public execution since 1957. 

Issues surrounding human rights within the nation should not the one controversies the Sultan has confronted throughout his reign.

In 1997, his youthful brother Jefri Bolkiah, Prince of Brunei, was sued by a lady who claimed she was held as a ‘digital prisoner’, drugged and sexually abused.

Hassanal additionally had open disagreements with Jefri over enterprise dealings, when in July 1998 a community of corporations and funding automobiles he owned below the title ‘Amedeo’ collapsed beneath $10billion of debt.

The Prince was accused of misappropriating state funds, and after years of authorized battles – together with in Britain – he might be arrested if he ever units foot within the UK.

Thanks to Brunei’s oil reserves, Bolkiah and the royal household are recognized to be extraordinarily rich. When the nation gained independence in 1984, it had one of the very best per-capita incomes of any nation – virtually $50,000 a 12 months.

In 2008, he was believed to be price round $20billion, and has usually displayed his exorbitant wealth. He is reported to have bought his personal Boeing 747 plane for $400million, which is adorned with luxuries comparable to a golden wash baisin.

He additionally owns a fleet of 7,000 luxurious vehicles – which incorporates 600 Rolls Royce vehicles – and reportedly spends $20,000 on a single haircut.

Prince Jefri is believed to have bought the gathering – price billions of {dollars} – for himself, which landed the royal household in bother.

The Sultan sued Jefri over his spending sprees.

Queen Elizabeth II meets the Sultan of Brunei during a private audience at Buckingham Palace on December 14, 2017 in London

Queen Elizabeth II meets the Sultan of Brunei throughout a personal viewers at Buckingham Palace on December 14, 2017 in London

As for his private life, Bolkiah was born July 15, 1946. He went to highschool in Juala Lumbar, and later attended the Royal Military Academy Sandhurst within the United Kingdom, graduating in 1967.

His father Omar Ali Saifuddien III abdicated from the throne in 1967, at which level Bolkiah acceded on October 5 that 12 months.

His first spouse can also be his first cousin – Princess Pengiran Anak Saleha, who later turned the Raja Isteri (which means Queen). 

He took a second spouse – a a former flight attendant for the nationwide provider, Royal Brunei Airlines – however he divorced her in 2003, stripping her of all royal titles.

Her place as second spouse was taken in 2005 by a former Malaysian tv presenter, Azrinaz Mazhar Hakim, who’s 33 years youthful than the sultan. They divorced in 2010, and he additionally stripped her of all titles.

In October 2020, party-loving Prince Azim – the Sultan’s sixth baby and fourth in line to the throne – died in the capital of Bandar Seri Begawan.

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