Tiverton & Honiton and Wakefield by-elections: how the results compare

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The Conservatives’ defeat at the polls in Tiverton & Honiton and Wakefield is the first time in additional than 30 years {that a} authorities has misplaced two by-elections on the identical day.

he earlier event was on November 7 1991, when the Conservative authorities of John Major misplaced the seat of Langbaurgh in Cleveland to Labour and additionally Kincardine & Deeside in east Scotland to the Liberal Democrats.

A double by-election loss for a authorities is so uncommon in British politics that it has now occurred solely seven occasions since the Second World War.

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(PA Graphics)

The Liberal Democrats wanted a swing of not less than 22.8 proportion factors to win Tiverton & Honiton – in different phrases, 23 in each 100 individuals in the constituency who voted Conservative at the 2019 normal election wanted to modify on to the Lib Dems.

In the occasion they managed a swing of 29.9 factors: giant sufficient to rank as the sixth greatest swing towards a authorities since 1945 in a by-election that noticed a change in each celebration and MP.

The greatest swing of this sort occurred in July 1993 at the Christchurch by-election, which was received by the Lib Dems on a 35.4 level swing from the Conservatives.

Close behind is the 34.1 level swing the Lib Dems achieved towards the Tories in the North Shropshire by-election in December final 12 months.

All of those prime six swings have been achieved both by the Liberal Democrats or its predecessor, the Liberal Party.

Were the swing at Tiverton & Honiton repeated uniformly at the subsequent normal election, based mostly on the present parliamentary boundaries the consequence would see many Conservatives lose their seats, together with Deputy Prime Minister Dominic Raab (in Esher & Walton), former health secretary Jeremy Hunt (South West Surrey) and former prime minister Theresa May (Maidenhead).

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(PA Graphics)

Labour wanted a a lot smaller swing of simply 3.8 proportion factors to take Wakefield from the Conservatives.

They received the seat on a swing of 12.7 factors – coincidentally, precisely the identical measurement swing Labour achieved the final time it received a seat from the Tories at a by-election, in Corby in 2012.

A swing of this measurement is the type wanted by Labour at the subsequent normal election to be in with an opportunity of an general majority of seats in the House of Commons.

It can also be the measurement of swing that may, had been it repeated uniformly at the normal election on the present parliamentary boundaries, spell defeat for the likes of former Conservative chief Iain Duncan Smith (in Chingford & Woodford Green), Environment Secretary George Eustice (Camborne & Redruth), Transport Secretary Grant Shapps (Welwyn Hatfield) and the Prime Minister himself, Boris Johnson (Uxbridge & South Ruislip).

The subsequent normal election is predicted to be fought on new constituency boundaries, although these should not on account of be finalised till summer time 2023.

History suggests the behaviour of voters at by-elections shouldn’t be at all times a dependable information to what occurs at the subsequent normal election.

Labour’s victory at Corby in 2012 was reversed in 2015 when the Conservatives received the seat again.

And the final time the Tories suffered a double by-election defeat whereas in energy – in November 1991 – the celebration went on to regain each constituencies simply 5 months later at the 1992 normal election.

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