#UK How 300,000 gathered in London to watch King George VI’s funeral procession #UKnews
It was when she was aged simply 25 that the then Princess Elizabeth obtained the worst doable information.
She and her husband Prince Philip had been in Kenya, staying on the Sagana game-viewing Lodge, after they had been advised on February 6, 1952, that her father, King George VI, had died. He had been affected by lung most cancers.
The couple had been married for simply 5 years, and their lives had been now modified irrevocably.
The official announcement from Sandringham, the place he died, learn: ‘The King, who retired to relaxation final evening in his regular well being, handed peacefully away in his sleep early this morning.’
The royal couple arrived house on February 7 and had been photographed being greeted at what was then the London Airport by the Prime Minister Winston Churchill.
Queen Mary was first to pay formal homage, kissing her granddaughter’s hand that afternoon. The subsequent day, February 8, Princess Elizabeth was formally proclaimed Queen.
Preparations shortly started for his funeral. The King’s coffin was taken by practice from Sandringham to London on February 11, and was met by the Queen, the Queen Mother and Queen Mary, the King’s mom, who had traveled by automotive.
In simply three days of the coffin mendacity in Westminster Hall, greater than 300,000 mourners got here to pay their respects to the monarch who had led Britain by means of the Second World War.
BBC presenter Richard Dimbleby mentioned in the course of the broadcast of the Westminster Hall proceedings, mentioned: ‘Never safer, higher guarded, lay a sleeping king than this, with a golden candlelight to heat his resting place, and the muffled footsteps of his devoted topics to maintain him firm.’
On the day of the funeral, February 15, George’s coffin was draped in the royal commonplace, with a crown, orb and sceptre lain on prime.
It then made its manner in a proper televised procession to Paddington Station. It was carried on a gun carriage that was hauled by Royal Navy seamen because the Queen, the Queen Mother and Princess Margaret had been amongst those that adopted.
As it made it manner by means of London, the bells of Big Ben rang out 56 instances, with every chime representing a 12 months of the late King’s life.
Once at Paddington, the coffin was taken to Windsor, the place a easy service was held for the King in St George’s Chapel, the place successive monarchs have been buried for hundreds of years.
When the funeral acquired underway at 2pm, the nation fell silent, with even passengers on a transatlantic flight to New York rising from their seats to bow their heads.
The service, in which tv cameras had been banned, was presided over by the then Archbishop of Canterbury Geoffrey Fisher and the Archbishop of York Cyril Garbett.
Once the service was over, George was buried in the Royal Vault of St George’s Chapel. Elizabeth’s ultimate tribute to her father was to drop a handful of earth that she had collected from Frogmore at Windsor on his coffin.
King George VI’s funeral was held in St George’s Chapel at Windsor on February 15, 1952. Above: The new Queen stands by after her father’s coffin has been lowered into the royal vault
In simply three days of the coffin mendacity in Westminster Hall, greater than 300,000 mourners got here to pay their respects in scenes that had been televised on the BBC
The queue to file previous the coffin stretched for miles. Above: Part of the big queue of individuals is seen on London’s Embankment
The King had been on the throne since December 1936 and had solely develop into King when his brother, Edward VIII, abdicated so he might marry divorcee Wallis Simpson. Above: The King in 1937 (left) and May 1951, eight months earlier than his loss of life
Princess Elizabeth and Philip’s go to to Kenya was a part of a long-planned worldwide tour that had been supposed to be carried out by the King. Because he was too unwell to journey, the younger couple went on his behalf.
The King had been on the throne since December 1936 and had solely develop into King when his brother, Edward VIII, abdicated so he might marry divorcee Wallis Simpson.
The couple had been staying at Sagana Lodge after it was gifted to them as a marriage current by the individuals of Kenya. The day earlier than the King’s loss of life, they’d been staying on the the Treetops Hotel, in Aberdare Forest.
Back in the UK, the King was found by his valet at round 7.30am, with information of his loss of life conveyed to Buckingham Palace by cellphone, utilizing the code title ‘Hyde Park Corner’.
Due to their distant location, it took a while for the information to attain the princess. It was first recounted by a senior courtier to the princess’s personal secretary, Martin Charteris. He then phoned Prince Philip’s aide, after which Philip advised Elizabeth.
As he heard the information of the King’s loss of life, Philip regarded as if ‘you’d dropped half the world on him’, in accordance to one shut aide. But Elizabeth was composed even at a time of such grief.
Lord Charteris, her then personal secretary, recalled seeing the brand new Queen seated at her desk in the Lodge shortly after being advised the information.
Her cheeks had been barely flushed, however there have been no tears. She was prepared to fulfil the function for which she had been fastidiously ready.
The Queen arrived house from Kenya on February 7 and was photographed wanting crestfallen as she walked down the steps of her aircraft at London Airport. Once on the tarmac, she was greeted by Prime Minister Winston Churchill
Queen Elizabeth, Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother, widow of King George VI, and Queen Mary at London King’s Cross railway station for the arrival of the particular practice bringing the coffin of King George VI from Sandringham, February 11, 1952
Her Majesty was named as the brand new monarch by the Accession Council earlier than Elizabeth had arrived again in London.
After returning house the next day, Princess Elizabeth formally proclaimed herself Queen and Head of the Commonwealth and Defender of the Faith on at St James’s Palace.
Her official proclamation learn: ‘By the sudden loss of life of my pricey father I’m referred to as to assume the duties and duties of sovereignty.
‘My coronary heart is simply too full for me to say extra to you at the moment than I shall all the time work, as my father did all through his reign, to advance the happiness and prosperity of my peoples, unfold as they’re all of the world over.’
The King’s funeral procession from Westminster Hall was televised by the BBC, though there have been solely round 1.5million tv units in a inhabitants of round 50million.
Most individuals who weren’t in a position to line the streets in particular person would have listened to the proceedings on the radio.
A complete of 305,806 individuals filed previous his coffin in Westminster Hall. The queues for individuals to pay their respects stretched for miles.
On the day of his funeral, the Royal Family gathered in Westminster Hall, whereas hundreds of thousands waited on the streets outdoors.
The gun carriage that carried his physique had additionally held his father, King George V, on the day of his funeral.
The King’s coffin was taken by practice from Sandringham to London on February 11, and was met by the Queen, the Queen Mother and Queen Mary, the King’s mom
Duke of Edinburgh, Duke of Gloucester, Duke of Windsor, and the Duke of Kent in the procession because the King’s coffin strikes from the Palace Yard, Westminster, on its manner to Paddington station
Guns are seen being fired in tribute to the King on February 7. A salute of 56 weapons had been fired, the variety of weapons to the variety of years he lived
The Coffin of his Majesty seen on the gun carriage because it handed by means of the streets of Windsor, to its final resting place. On the coffin are the Queen Mother’s wreath, the Imperial state Crown and the Sceptre and Orb, symbols of Majesty
The physique of King George VI (1895 – 1952) mendacity in state in Westminster Hall, London, earlier than being taken to St George’s Chapel, Windsor, for burial. The coffin is guarded by beefeaters and horse guards
Thousands of mourners are seen standing solemnly because the King’s coffin makes its manner by means of London to Paddington station
The coffin of King George VI passes by means of Marble Arch as it’s flanked by dozens of sailors. The Queen adopted the procession because it made it manner to Paddington
Thousands are seen lining the streets because the King’s funeral procession passes by after mendacity in state in Westminster Hall
The funeral procession turns into Edgward Road, close to Marble Arch. Thousands of mourners stand in silence
Queen Elizabeth II leaving the funeral practice after its arrival at Kings Cross Station from Sandringham
he funeral cortege of King George VI makes its manner by means of Parliament Square, London. The king’s coffin is carried on a gun carriage, on prime of which rests the Crown on the Royal Standard
Members of the Royal Family getting into St George’s Chapel, Windsor Castle in the corporate of the King’s Company Grenadier Guards
The Queen was then among the many royals and courtiers who adopted the procession because it made its manner to Paddington.
The Daily Mail reported on the time: ‘The mile-long procession wound alongside Whitehall and throughout the Horse Guards Parade.
‘There had been disappointment and pomp in a lot – the measured tread of the Guards, the mournful lament of the pipers, the last word pity and loneliness of the coffin with its single white wreath.
‘Many wept because the Queen got here by, a pale face shrouded by black veils.’
The ultimate service at St George’s Chapel was additionally described in intricate element by the paper.
It learn: ‘One second it appeared that the King was with us, and the subsequent that he had gone. Slowly his draped coffin sank upon its purple-shrouded bier beneath the chancel ground of St George’s Chapel, Windsor.
‘Slowly, virtually imperceptibly, it light from our sight.
The Daily Mail’s protection of the King’s loss of life was delved into intricate element of the monarch’s ultimate journey from Westminster Hall to Windsor’s St George’s Chapel, through Paddington station
‘But a second earlier than and our new Sovereign, Queen Elizabeth, had taken the Colour of the King’s Company, the Grenadier Guards, and had positioned it on the top of the coffin.
‘Then, as all that’s mortal of her father sank into its purple sepulchre,, she stepped ahead and sprinkled earth on to the coffin.’
It added: ‘In that second it appeared that this slim slight determine who has borne the extreme nervous strains of the previous ten days with magnificent composure was devoted and set aside.
‘In that second the younger Queen, bidding mute farewell to her father and predecessor on the Throne, had taken her place in the lengthy and wonderful roll of those that have worn the Crown.’
After the funeral at Windsor, round 2,000 individuals had been allowed in to see the wreaths which lined the lawns.